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You are here: myPetSmart.com > Breeds > American Eskimo Dog Standard

American Eskimo Dog (Standard)

Origin: USA

AKC Group: Non-sporting

Height: 15 - 19 inches (Male)

Weight: 25 - 35 pounds (Male)

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American Eskimo adapt well to city life if exercised daily. Eskimo dogs love to play games and are usually friendly with strangers, children and other pets.

Male height: 
15 - 19 inches
Male weight: 
25 - 35 pounds
Double coat with long, straight outercoat and dense, thick, short undercoat.
Pure white and white with biscuit cream.

The American Eskimo dog ("Eskie") is a close relation of the white Keeshond, white Pomeranian and white German Spitz. The breed was first registered with the United Kennel Club (UKC) in the early 1900s, during which time they became popular because of their use in traveling circuses. Their intelligence and ability to learn tricks made them excellent performers - in fact, an American Eskimo dog named Stout's Pal Pierre became famous for walking on a tightrope in the Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey circus. Today, the American Eskimo dog's talents are put to use in competitive sports, and he is a trusted narcotics detection dog and guard dog as well.

Playful, charming, affectionate, intelligent, willing to please - these traits all describe the American Eskimo dog. An energetic, spunky breed, the Eskie is slow to mature and retains his puppy-like playfulness for several years. He is intelligent and needs to be a part of his family's daily life. American Eskimo dogs are barkers, but this trait has resulted in a big watchdog in a small and loving body.
At home: 
Because the American Eskimo dog comes in three sizes - Standard, Miniature, and Toy - you can pick the one that best suits your lifestyle. They all make fine apartment dogs, and the Standard, especially, can adapt to just about any type of home. They are noisy, so you'll have to take that into account if you are living in close quarters. Wherever you live, your Eskie needs to be with you, or he will develop nuisance behaviors that can be difficult to change if he is left alone too long or is not provided with proper guidance.
Regular exercise will help release the American Eskimo dog's natural energy and stimulate his ever-present curiosity. Going for walks, engaging in energetic playtime, and teaching him tricks will help get him the activity he needs.
The American Eskimo Dog likes to eat but can be finicky. Feeding several small meals a day may be more to his liking - but the food must be high quality and age appropriate. Your Eskie may gain weight easily without sufficient exercise.
The American Eskimo Dog enjoys and excels at training, where he is a top contender in the obedience, rally and agility rings. His showbiz background is evident to all who try teaching him tricks, and he is quick to learn household rules.
The breed generally gets along well with children and other pets, although sometimes larger dogs might cause unintentional injury when playing with the smaller-sized Eskies.
The average life span of the American Eskimo Dog is 12 to 17 years. Breed health concerns may include diabetes; epilepsy; hip dysplasia; juvenile cataracts; Legg-Calve-Perthes disease; patellar luxation; and progressive retinal atrophy (PRA).
Fun fact: 

American Eskimo Dogs were originally known as "American Spitz."

Grooming blurb: 
Although the American Eskimo Dog's double coat sheds quite a bit, it stays clean and white with minimal care - regular brushing with a bristle brush and an occasional going-over with a shedding blade are all that are needed. He "blows his coat" (sheds heavily) twice a year.
Copyright by T.F.H. Publications, Inc. This document has been published with the intent to provide accurate and authoritative information in regard to the subject matter within. While every reasonable precaution has been taken in preparation of this document, the author and publisher expressly disclaim responsibility for any errors, omissions, or adverse effects arising from the use or application of the information contained herein. The techniques and suggestions are used at the reader's discretion.