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You are here: myPetSmart.com > Breeds > Black And Tan Coonhound

Black and Tan Coonhound

Origin: USA

AKC Group: Hound

Height: 23 inches (Male)

Weight: 40 pounds (Male)

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Coonhounds are good-natured, energetic, and enjoy sniffing and exploring. They're usually suspicious of strangers and sometimes aggressive with other dogs. Coonhounds will howl if they're left alone.

Coonhounds are hounds dogs. Because they are great at sniffing and exploring, hounds were originally used to trail rabbits, foxes and other small mammals. Most hounds are good-natured dogs that make loving companions if trained properly. Hounds are sometimes stubborn, though, so training may take a while.

Most hounds need rigorous physical exercise, so daily walks and runs are a must. Never let a hound off a leash unless it is in an enclosed area, because it will take off if it picks up a scent. Hounds are barkers and howlers, and they are sometimes hard to housebreak.

Male height: 
23 inches
Male weight: 
40 pounds
Short and dense.
Black with tan markings above the eyes, muzzle, chest and legs with streaks of tan on the toes. Eyes are dark brown or hazel. Nose is black.

A southern gentleman through and through, the Black and Tan Coonhound can trace his ancestry to the American Foxhound and Virginia Foxhound of Colonial days, but the breed's development was for the purposes of hunters in the American South. Raccoon hunters, who were after a dog with exceptional scenting and tracking abilities, probably crossed the foxhounds with Bloodhounds, which would account for some of the breed's coloring, as well as its stockiness and long ears. Raccoon (or "coon") hunting requires a dog to pursue the animal up a tree and hold it there (known as "treeing") until the hunters arrive. Because the quarry is nocturnal, this hunting is done at night. Black and Tan Coonhounds have also been used to hunt bears, deer, opossums and even mountain lions. There are two types of Black and Tan Coonhound: show and field. The show dogs are larger and tend to be less active than the field dogs.

Intelligent, loyal, eager and good natured are all apt descriptions of the Black and Tan Coonhound. A kind, confident, bright and courageous hound, he is in his glory when working an open trail and treeing a raccoon. While he's big and ready, he's also mellow when not on the trail. He makes an excellent hunter and fireside companion. The Black and Tan Coonhound can be excitable when roused, so socializing him to different animals and people, including children, is advisable.
At home: 
Black and Tan Coonhounds can adapt to just about any living situation, as long as they are given proper exercise and the opportunity to explore outdoors. They have a booming voice - something that apartment dwellers need to consider. They are gentle and calm indoors and love to share the couch with their family. A securely fenced yard is essential, as the Coonhound will follow his nose wherever it leads him.
Vigorous walks are necessary for this fellow, who was bred to work all night if necessary. He's an athletic dog for his size, and if he's not going out hunting with you, he'll need an alternatively stimulating way to release his energy.
The Black and Tan Coonhound needs a high-quality, nutritious diet. Like most hounds, he loves to eat, so keep an eye on his waistline and don't feed him junk.
The Black and Tan Coonhound responds well to training and learns quickly, as long as his handler is positive and patient. His favorite pastime is hunting, and he is a quick study. His intelligence and kindness make him receptive to obedience training and he learns fast, but he does have an independent streak, so patience when training is required.
Black and Tan Coonhounds are gentle with children and friendly with everyone they meet. They get along well with other dogs but may chase and tree smaller pets.
The average life span of the Black and Tan Coonhound is 10 to 14 years. Breed health concerns may include ear infections and hip dysplasia.
Fun fact: 

The Black and Tan Coonhound's long, pendulous ears are one of his hallmarks - they help capture and hold scent.

Grooming blurb: 
His short, sleek coat comes clean with a going-over with a hound glove. His pendulous ears require regular attention because they can harbor infections.
Copyright by T.F.H. Publications, Inc. This document has been published with the intent to provide accurate and authoritative information in regard to the subject matter within. While every reasonable precaution has been taken in preparation of this document, the author and publisher expressly disclaim responsibility for any errors, omissions, or adverse effects arising from the use or application of the information contained herein. The techniques and suggestions are used at the reader's discretion.