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You are here: myPetSmart.com > Breeds > Bulldog

Bulldog

Origin: England

AKC Group: Non-sporting

Height: 12-16 inches (31-41 cm) (Male)

Weight: 40-50 pounds (18-23 kg) (Male)

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Origin: 
England
Male height: 
12-16 inches (31-41 cm)
Male weight: 
40-50 pounds (18-23 kg)
Coat: 
Short and smooth.
Colors: 
The Bulldog comes in many colors including: red brindle; other colored brindles; solid white; red, fawn, or fallow; piebald; and black (although black is undesirable in the show ring).
History: 

Bulldogs probably shared a common ancestor with the Mastiff. Between the 13th and 19th centuries, they were used for the heinous sport of bullbaiting. The Bulldog's unusual undershot jaw stems from those terrible days, as it enabled him to grab a bull at any point, clamp down and hang on. Bullbaiting was banned in 1835, after which time the Bulldog evolved into the shorter, squatter dog we are familiar with today. He was also bred to be a kind companion, and many consider him a symbol of courage and tenacity.

Personality: 
Despite his fierce origins, today's Bulldog is probably one of the gentlest breeds. His ferocious but comical mug and powerful yet awkward gait are unmistakable. He is extremely affectionate with his family and craves its affection and attention. He may weigh 50 pounds (23 kg), but he considers himself a lapdog. The Bulldog wants to make those around him happy - and usually succeeds!
At home: 
Bulldogs are extremely heat sensitive. They die more frequently from heatstroke than any other breed. Be prepared to keep the air conditioning on if you live in a warm climate. They do not fare well in extremely cold temperatures, either. The Bulldog can't swim, so pools or hot tubs need to be fenced off. Also, be prepared for lots of snoring. This breed retains a strong protective instinct and makes a wonderful watchdog.
Exercise: 
The Bulldog's unusual physique, including his short nose and narrow windpipe, makes breathing and exercising somewhat difficult. This is a breed that shouldn't be overstressed with exercise. A simple stroll or the workout he gets keeping up with his family is good enough exercise for him.
Feeding: 
Bulldogs have slightly slower metabolism than other dogs, so it is important to monitor their food intake to prevent obesity. Feed the Bulldog a high-quality diet. The breed has an "active" digestive system, which not every owner may appreciate.
Training: 
Bulldogs have their own minds when it comes to training. They are strategic thinkers, not automatic responders. Bulldogs are trainable but require a lot of patience. Keeping training positive is a must - even a harsh tone can hurt a relationship with the Bulldog.
Compatibility: 
The Bulldog's charm and steady temperament win him friends and fans wherever he goes, so socializing him to people is no problem. He is gentle with children and agreeable with other pets, especially if socialized to them from an early age.
Health: 
The average life expectancy of the Bulldog is 10 to 12 years. Breathing problems are at the top of the list of health concerns afflicting the breed, which also make them susceptible to heatstroke in warm weather. Their body configuration also leads to hip and knee problems.
Fun fact: 

People who own and admire the Bulldog are called Bulldoggers.

Grooming blurb: 
The Bulldog's short coat is very easy to care for. Gentle brushing twice a week with a soft brush is all he needs. His wrinkles need daily attention, though, and must be kept clean and dry to prevent infection.
Disclaimer: 
Copyright by T.F.H. Publications, Inc. This document has been published with the intent to provide accurate and authoritative information in regard to the subject matter within. While every reasonable precaution has been taken in preparation of this document, the author and publisher expressly disclaim responsibility for any errors, omissions, or adverse effects arising from the use or application of the information contained herein. The techniques and suggestions are used at the reader's discretion.