There are two varieties of Collie based on coat type: Rough and Smooth. The Rough Collie has a long and dense coat with a thick undercoat, and the thick fur forms a mane around the neck. The Smooth Collie's coat is short and smooth with a thick undercoat.
Sable and white, tricolor, blue merle and white.
Extremely intelligent, kindhearted, affectionate and noble, Collies can be the "heroes" for their families just as Lassie was for hers. As herders/guardians, they were asked to think on their own, and there can be a trace of stubbornness in them. That said, Collies have earned the reputation as an extremely loyal and brave breed.
Collies are not overly energetic indoors and can do well in apartments if given enough exercise. One of the Collie's finest qualities is his desire to bond with and please his owner. Denied the opportunity to do so, he can become an excessive barker and exhibit other problem behaviors. This is not a breed that does well when left alone for long periods.
Collies are truly versatile and can participate in just about any activity, including herding, obedience, agility, canine freestyle, flyball and therapy.
The Collie is an athletic dog who benefits tremendously from plenty of exercise - long walks, romps in the woods and any opportunity to work as a herder or guardian.
Collies need a high-quality, nutritious diet to keep their coats shiny and active bodies in working order.
The Collie is a joy to train when approached properly, which is with a positive and respectful manner. He will shut down if treated harshly. He should be socialized from puppyhood to help overcome potential shyness, but he thrives with the kind of positive attention he will get out in the world.
Collies are famous for getting along well with children, but keep in mind that children still need to be taught the proper way to handle a dog. They get along well with other dogs and pets.
The average life span of the Collie is 14 to 16 years. A generally healthy breed, health problems associated with the breed include Collie eye anomaly (CEA); epilepsy; hip dysplasia; and progressive retinal atrophy (PRA).
The Rough Collie has a profuse coat that needs regular brushing and combing. The soft, dense undercoat does shed, and if not cared for, can mat. The Smooth Collie has a dense coat as well and also needs regular brushing to look (and feel) his best. Both varieties are seasonally heavy shedders.
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