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You are here: myPetSmart.com > Breeds > Dachshund Standard And Miniature

Dachshund (Standard and Miniature)

Origin: Germany

AKC Group: Hound

Height: Miniature: up to 14 inches; Standard: 14 inches (Male)

Weight: Miniature: 11 pounds and under; Standard: 16 pounds (Male)

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Origin: 
Germany
Male height: 
Miniature: up to 14 inches; Standard: 14 inches
Male weight: 
Miniature: 11 pounds and under; Standard: 16 pounds
Coat: 
There are three coat types (varieties): smooth, longhaired and wirehaired. The smooth coat is short and smooth; the longhaired coat is of moderate length, soft, and somewhat wavy; the wirehaired coat is coarse and short.
Colors: 
Dachshunds come in a great range of colors: a single shade or color (includes reds or yellows and may have black tips or overlays); and two colors (includes black, black and tan, chocolate, gray, wild boar, and fawn, all with tan or cream markings). Dachshunds also come in dappled, brindle and sable patterns.
History: 

The Dachshund was developed as a hunting hound in Germany using the German schweisshund, in addition to various terriers and spaniels. Dachshunds have been helping hunters and families since the Middle Ages, doing everything from tracking game to going to ground (chasing prey underground) to protecting the homestead. The Standard was primarily a tracker; the Miniature was used most often to hunt rabbit and go to ground. Today, the Dachshund is universally recognized for his distinct body - not just the long back and short legs but the broad chest, elongated head with a slight stop, high-set ears, and long tail. He is still a talented hunter the world over. He has earned the nicknames "wiener dog," "little sausage," and "hot dog," and for those who love him, he is truly adored and worshipped.

Personality: 
Bold, confident, intelligent and alert, the Dachshund is a companion who may be short of leg but is not short of personality. Lively and courageous (sometimes to the point of rashness), the Dachshund can be a bit bossy about getting his way, but his loyalty to his family is unshakable. When threatened or suspicious, he is a great protector of his family, whom he loves with all his heart. In general, longhairs are considered slightly more easygoing, wirehairs more playful, and smooths a bit more aloof.
At home: 
The Dachshund is a versatile and charming pet, as comfortable in a big-city apartment as he is in the country. If your yard contains a prized flowerbed, beware - his hunting instincts will be clearly visible in his love of digging and chasing after backyard prey. A fenced-in yard is essential, as a Dachshund following a scent will not pay attention to anything else.
Exercise: 
The Dachshund is active and inquisitive, traits that need to be expressed and fulfilled in several daily walks - preferably long ones, though not strenuous ones. He is built to hunt and can handle rough terrain and a vigorous dig, but he is not bred for long, sustained periods of exercise.
Feeding: 
Due to their size differences, Minis need less food than Standards, but both need a high-quality diet. Dachshunds have a tendency to gain weight, which puts further stress on the back, as well as the legs and internal organs. This is a serious problem with Dachshunds, so it's essential to keep them at their proper weight.
Training: 
Dachshunds are scenthounds and are therefore easily distracted by scents all around them. They are also self-willed and will be more than happy to run the household if not given proper training. As first-rate companions, they do want to please, and an upbeat, positive approach to training - along with persistence - will win them over to doing what you ask. Luckily, they are a very food-motivated breed, making them perfect for reward-based training.
Compatibility: 
Living in a home with very small children can be difficult because this small dog will take exception to rough handling. In general, longhaired Dachshunds are thought of as better with children than smooths or wirehaireds because they are slightly more laid back. Dachshunds can get along with other dogs and cats, but proper introductions and management are essential. The prey drive in Dachshunds is strong, and they can't always be trusted with small animals.
Health: 
The average life span of the Dachshund is 12 to 16 years. One of the most common health problems suffered by Dachshunds is a spinal disc problem called Dachshund paralysis. Because of their long backs and short legs, strain is put on the vertebrae and leads to problems. Dachshunds can also suffer from diabetes, epilepsy, and heart disease.
Fun fact: 

In Germany, Dachshund sizes are separated not by weight, as in the United States, but by chest circumference - the division of classes is based on what size hole they can enter!

Grooming blurb: 
The wirehaired Dachshund needs the most attention to his coat; the coarse hairs must be trimmed and kept neat, ideally by a professional groomer. The longhaired Dachshund's fine fur can knot and mat if not brushed regularly. The smooth Dachshund is the easiest to care for - a quick going-over with a hound glove, soft brush and damp cloth will leave him sleek and shiny.
Disclaimer: 
This document has been published with the intent to provide accurate and authoritative information in regard to the subject matter within. While every reasonable precaution has been taken in preparation of this document, the author and publisher expressly disclaim responsibility for any errors, omissions, or adverse effects arising from the use or application of the information contained herein. The techniques and suggestions are used at the reader's discretion.