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You are here: myPetSmart.com > Breeds > Golden Retriever

Golden Retriever

Origin: Scotland

AKC Group: Sporting

Height: 21.5 - 24 inches (55-61 cm) (Male)

Weight: 55 - 75 pounds (25-34 kg) (Male)

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Male height: 
21.5 - 24 inches (55-61 cm)
Male weight: 
55 - 75 pounds (25-34 kg)
The Golden has a double coat: a water-repellent top coat that lies flat to the body and is flat or wavy with some fringes but not silky; and a dense undercoat.
Cream to various shades of gold.

In the late 1800s, Sir Dudley Majoribanks (Lord Tweedmouth) began breeding a new type of retriever using a yellow Flat-Coated Retriever and Tweed Water Spaniels (now extinct). He further refined his light-colored hunting dog with crosses over 20 years' time to Labradors, Red Setters, Wavy Coats, and possibly the Bloodhound. First registered as golden Flat Coats, it wasn't until 1920 that they were called Golden Retrievers. Today the Golden is one of the best-loved dogs in the world. He is a wonderfully versatile dog who excels in the hunt field and in just about any activity to which he is introduced. Goldens are used with more and more frequency by service dog organizations seeking mild-mannered yet highly trainable dogs.

Lovable, easygoing, pleasant companions, it is said that Golden Retrievers are born wanting to please. Always up for an adventure - or a snooze - Goldens are as at home hiking in the wild as they are curled up in bed beside you. They are smart and sociable, understanding almost intuitively what's desired of them. They can be rambunctious as puppies because they have a passion for life - a passion that lives on well into their senior years.
At home: 
Goldens are adaptable dogs who can thrive in many different living spaces, as long as their owners are willing to make a few adjustments. A constantly wagging tail is sure to knock over any breakable knickknacks, and the year-round shedding is sure to play havoc with the upholstery. But if given plenty of opportunities for exercise and attention, Goldens make ideal pets.
Particularly as a puppy but all throughout his life, the Golden Retriever does best with plenty of exercise. The energy of younger Goldens, especially, seems to know no bounds. Goldens love to exercise with their owners, so leaving them in the backyard to play alone is not an option.
Goldens love to eat. Feed a high-quality diet twice a day. If you are feeding a commercial food, start at the low end of the recommended amount to prevent obesity.
Truly, the Golden Retriever is one of the most easily trained breeds in dogdom. That doesn't mean that he doesn't need and deserve the same patience and positive attitude as other breeds; it just means that when trained with respect and rewards, he can master just about anything - and perform it with joy.
Goldens get along fabulously with almost anyone - other pets, children and people included. A younger Golden might have a strong desire to chase the family cat, but training and socializing can help.
The average life span of the Golden Retriever is 10 to 12 years. Common health problems of the Golden Retriever include hip dysplasia; congenital eye problems; and some skin allergies.
Fun fact: 

The Golden Retriever was developed in Scotland and is England's most popular breed.

Grooming blurb: 
Golden Retrievers shed regularly and need to be brushed several times a week. Their flowing coat must be kept free of mats and tangles and of anything they might pick up in the field, such as burrs and mud. Their ears are prone to infection and should be cleaned regularly.
This document has been published with the intent to provide accurate and authoritative information in regard to the subject matter within. While every reasonable precaution has been taken in preparation of this document, the author and publisher expressly disclaim responsibility for any errors, omissions, or adverse effects arising from the use or application of the information contained herein. The techniques and suggestions are used at the reader's discretion.