Manchester Terrier (Toy)
AKC Group: Toy
10 inches (Male)
No more than 12 pounds (Male)
Manchester Terriers are hardy and well-mannered. They're diggers and chasers, however, keep them on a leash or in a fenced-in yard when outdoors. Manchesters are usually reserved with strangers and aggressive with other animals.
Manchester Terriers are part of the Terrier group. In general, terriers have a very distinctive personality that's unlike any other breed. They're feisty and energetic. Originally bred to hunt and kill vermin, terriers love the chase-don't let your Terrier off its leash unless it's in an enclosed area.
Terriers make excellent pets. These tough little canines have an attitude, however, so they usually adapt better to quiet households. Most terriers are usually jealous and snippy around other pets, especially dogs.
While some terriers are good with children, most will snap if provoked. If you want your terrier to be friendly with strangers, you need to accustom it to people at an early age. Terriers are also barkers and diggers.
In terms of health, terriers are very hardy dogs with few health problems. Most live a long time, usually around 15 years. Terriers need to be brushed twice a week and professionally groomed about every three months. While pet terriers are usually clipped, show dogs are stripped, which means the dead hairs are plucked out one by one so the coat color doesn't fade.
Short and hard. Tail hangs down; ears may be cropped, naturally pricked or left folded down.
The Manchester Terrier is most certainly descended from the Black and Tan Terrier, the original ratting terrier developed in England. The Black and Tan Terruer was coarser in head and body and had shorter legs than today's Terriers; he was a tough customer who also contributed to the formation of some fighting breeds. The poor man's sports of rat killing and rabbit coursing reached a zenith in the Manchester district of England during the mid-1800s. John Hulme, as well as other sporting men, determined to produce a dog with "true grit" who could be used in both arenas. They crossed the Black and Tan Terrier with the coursing Whippet, and this combination created the breed now known as the Manchester Terrier. With a great deal of size variation in the early Manchester stock, the Toy variety was created by selecting and breeding the smallest among them. This smaller version also peaked in popularity during Queen Victoria's reign, when breeders became fascinated with producing tinier and tinier specimens until health and normalcy were threatened. By the time ratting trials were outlawed, the Manchester Terriers had lost favor and become quite rare. Due to the persistence of a few devotees, the Manchesters were maintained. Except for size and ears, the Standard and Toy varieties are judged by the same standard.
Manchesters are true terriers: spirited, intelligent, and independent, yet loyal and devoted. Although they are independent minded and not particularly clingy, they need to be with their people to be content, and they generally make wonderful companions. Manchesters retain their ratter instincts in their desire to chase and play, and they enjoy playing fetch and pouncing on small toys. Both the Standard and Toy varieties benefit from active socialization from puppyhood, especially with children of all ages.
The Manchester Terrier seems happy and well adjusted in just about any type of home. From the city to the suburbs, he will be content as long as he gets to spend time with his owner. If left alone for too long, he will develop bad habits, including excessive barking. Neat and clean indoors, Manchesters are sporty and eye-catching dogs about town. A small fenced-in yard is adequate for their needs. If this is not possible, long walks on leash will suffice. Because of his short coat, the Manchester feels the cold intensely and abhors the rain.
Despite their size, Manchesters are no mere lapdogs - they are athletic dogs who love activities like agility, rally, obedience and canine freestyle.
The able and athletic Manchester is happy to accompany his family on all outings. In winter he should wear a coat to protect him from the cold, but he is a hardy dog who likes the outdoors. He enjoys games of fetch in the yard and long walks around the neighborhood. He can run very fast, and being allowed to frolic off leash in a large, safely fenced area is enjoyable for him.
Both Manchesters are generally good eaters who should be fed a high-quality food twice a day, although the Toy may prove more finicky. Be careful not to overfeed or succumb to his imploring eyes when it's your turn to eat. Don't feed him junk, and don't let your Manchester get fat.
Manchesters have a stubborn streak and need firm, fair training. Motivational methods get the best results, and when started early and done regularly, they can be trained to a great degree of success. Both the Toy and Standard varieties should be socialized from puppyhood to be as adaptable as possible.
Because of their smaller size and terrier instincts, Manchesters do best in homes with older children. When socialized properly, they get along well with other dogs but will retain their desire to chase and catch smaller pets.
The average life span of the Manchester Terrier is 15 or more years. Breed health concerns may include Legg-Calve-Perthes disease and von Willebrand disease.
During the Manchester Terrier's heyday in the Victorian era, he was often referred to as the "Gentleman's Terrier."
The Manchester Terrier's short coat is easy to groom. Occasional brushing with a soft brush and a wipe down with a clean cloth are all that's needed. Keep his ear canals clean, and pay special attention to his teeth.
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