26 - 28 inches (66-71 cm)
100 - 150 pounds (45-68 kg)
Long, water-repellent outercoat that is flat and straight or wavy, with a thick undercoat.
Black, brown, gray or white and black.
The Newfoundland has long been considered the gentlest of giants -- a large, furry pillow upon which generations of young and old have rested their heads. More than that, he is a noble, honest and hard-working dog whose purpose is service. Newfs have a natural guarding instinct coupled with a mild disposition. They can be very sensitive but never cowardly. They have a joy for life that carries through to their senior years.
For such a large dog, Newfs can do well in apartments because they are not highly active. Suburbs and farms are also appropriate for the breed because they love to play outside -- and a home with a pool or pond in the back is heaven for a Newf. They prefer cooler climates and are heat sensitive. They love water and tend to be a little sloppy around the water bowl. They are also heavy droolers.
There are many activities in which the Newf enjoys participating, including water trials, competitive obedience, weight pulling, carting and backpacking.
A growing Newfoundland should not be overly exerted because his bones and muscles could be strained. Once he's an adult, though, he should be exercised regularly. He particularly loves the water, and swimming is very good for him. He also loves to play with anyone who's up for a game.
The Newfoundland is a good eater who should be fed a high-quality food twice a day. He does not need as much food as an adult as you might think, consuming a similar quantity as a retriever.
The Newfoundland is responsive and trusting. Reward-based training sessions work wonders on him -- he does not tolerate harsh methods. Because he bonds so strongly with his family, he should be socialized from puppyhood so that he doesn't become overreliant on any one person or family. He will also enjoy the attention he will receive from getting out in the world.
Newfs love children and have a natural protective instinct for them. They are usually friendly with strangers unless their guarding instincts are aroused. They tend to get along well with other dogs, even those much smaller in size, as well as with other family pets.
The average life span of the Newfoundland is around 10 years. Health problems of the breed include bloat; cystinuria; elbow dysplasia and hip dysplasia; eye disorders; hypothyroidism; subvalvular aortic stenosis (SAS); von Willebrand disease.
The Newf's thick, water-repellent coat needs to be brushed often with a mat rake, slicker brush and a comb. Ten minutes a day, or 20 minutes during shedding season, will keep him looking good and mat-free. His drop ears can trap moisture and dirt, so they should be inspected often to keep them free of infection.
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