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You are here: myPetSmart.com > Breeds > Persian


Origin: Persia

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Quick Look

Affectionateness: Moderate to High

Compatibility with children: Moderate

Compatibility with other pets: Moderate

Grooming: High

The coat is long, thick and flowing.
Persians come in a huge variety of colors, which can be divided into seven color divisions: solid; silver and golden; shaded and smoke; tabby; parti-color; bi-color and Himalayan.
Special considerations: 
Physical characteristics: Heavily boned; round head; large eyes; straight, short tail; small, flat nose; small, forward-tilting ears.

No one has been able to determine how or where the longhaired cat originated. A variety of longhaired domesticated cats much like the Persian has been found in Afghanistan for many years. Also, the Angora, whose characteristics are very similar to the Persian, has been known in Turkey and Armenia since before the 16th century. It was around the 16th century that they were introduced to Europe, where people were fascinated by the breed's long hair. At the turn of the 20th century, breeders began to cross the Angora and Persian varieties of longhairs, blending the Angora's longer hair with the Persian's thicker fur. Eventually, the Angora disappeared as a distinct breed, and the purebred longhairs were then called Persians.

Persians are true treasures from the desert. They are admired for their beauty, grace and charming companionship. Their manner is dignified and gracious with a hint of aloofness when it comes to strangers. They are sweet and gentle and very responsive to their owners. Their quiet voices reflect their serene, laid-back demeanor, although males may be slightly more boisterous.
At home: 
Persians thrive in a quiet, secure environment and do best when kept indoors. They desire human companionship but usually on their own terms. Many do not enjoy sitting in someone's lap but prefer to sit or lie near their loved ones. Persians do not care to jump or climb as much as other cats but prefer lounging in a favorite spot.
Persians can be picky eaters. They need a well-balanced diet of a high-quality cat food. A small amount of canned food can be fed twice a day, but don't mix it in with the dry food.
They are generally considered good with children, but it may take some time for them to adjust to an overly boisterous household. They can get along with dogs but are inclined to gravitate toward the less noisy breeds.
The life span of the Persian is 15 to 20 years. Persians can have breathing difficulties due to their shorter face. Polycystic kidney disease has been reported in some lines. Their large eyes can be prone to tearing, so a daily face wash is recommended.
Fun fact: 

Persians are the most popular breed of cat in the United States.

Grooming blurb: 
Daily grooming is required to keep the Persian's long coat tangle-free. Use a metal comb to run through the coat. A monthly bath will keep the coat clean and a sanitary clip for the Persian's rear end can help prevent waste from clinging to the fur.
Copyright by T.F.H. Publications, Inc. This document has been published with the intent to provide accurate and authoritative information in regard to the subject matter within. While every reasonable precaution has been taken in preparation of this document, the author and publisher expressly disclaim responsibility for any errors, omissions, or adverse effects arising from the use or application of the information contained herein. The techniques and suggestions are used at the reader's discretion.