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You are here: myPetSmart.com > Breeds > Poodle Standard

Poodle (Standard)

Origin: Germany

AKC Group: Non-sporting

Height: Over 15 inches (Male)

Weight: 45 - 70 pounds (Male)

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Origin: 
Germany
Male height: 
Over 15 inches
Male weight: 
45 - 70 pounds
Coat: 
The curly coat is naturally harsh and dense.
Colors: 
Solid and even shades of blue, gray, silver, brown, cafe-au-lait, apricot and cream.
History: 

The Poodle is believed to have originated in Germany, where "pudel" refers to the act of playing in the water, a nod to his original use as a water dog for retrieving fowl. His development can be traced throughout Western Europe, where he became popular more than 400 years ago. But it was in that he became truly celebrated, and that is the country where the Poodle we recognize today is said to have truly taken shape. His ancestry is said to include the Barbet (a now-extinct French water dog) and the Hungarian Water Hound

The French admired the Poodle's versatility - he could go from being a hunter of waterfowl by day to a stylish and dignified companion by night. By the 15th century, he was popular with the French aristocracy. Hs quick intelligence and charm also found him favor as a performer, and since the dawn of European circuses, Poodles have entertained as trick dogs.

Miniature and Toy Poodles were bred down from the Standard Poodle to their current height limitations. They are considered varieties of the same breed and are judged by the same standard. In the 1950s and '60s, the Miniature was the most popular Poodle in the United States, but today that distinction goes to the Toy. All three sizes continue to be immensely popular around the world.

Personality: 
All sizes of Poodles are considered intelligent, lively dogs. The Standard is described as proud and elegant. He is a stable, affectionate and sensitive dog, very much in tune with his family. The Miniature Poodle is a lively, clever dog who is also very in tune with his family. He is good-natured if not somewhat shy and reserved around strangers. The Toy can also be shy, and he tends to be more sensitive. He is happiest with people and is responsive and intelligent, blossoming with training and socialization.
At home: 
Even with the size differences, all three varieties can adapt to and thrive in a tremendous range of lifestyles. The Standard can do just as well in the city as a Toy, provided his exercise needs are met. The Toy can enjoy a rural environment, provided he is protected from predatory wildlife. Poodles make devoted companions and watchdogs. Miniature and Toy Poodles tend to bark more than Standards.
Exercise: 
All Poodles like to spend time outdoors and enjoy the physical and social benefits of going for walks. The Standard should have at least 45 minutes of brisk exercise daily. A Mini does well with two 15- to 20-minute outings a day. A few 10- to 15-minute walks for the Toy will suffice.
Feeding: 
Standard and Miniature Poodles are good eaters who are not particularly finicky. Toy Poodles may be more so. It is important to feed the highest-quality food that's age-appropriate for the individual dog and to restrict fattening and non-nutritious snacks. Feed at least twice a day as adults.
Training: 
All the Poodles are highly trainable. Intelligent and sensitive, they are eager to please and do what is asked of them. Using positive, reward-based methods, Poodles can be taught any number of requests, games and sports.
Compatibility: 
The Standard is good with children and other dogs and is generally the calmest of the sizes. Older children are best around Toys or Minis, who can be persnickety when it comes to small children. To overcome the smaller-sized Poodles' shyness and help boost their confidence, they should be socialized from puppyhood.
Health: 
The average life span of the Poodle is 10 to 15 years and often longer. Common health problems of all sizes of Poodles include epilepsy; hip dysplasia; patellar luxation; and sebaceous adenitis. Runny eyes and ear infections are common, as are skin diseases. Miniature and Toy Poodles can also suffer from progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) and Legg-Calve-Perthes disease. Standards sometimes get bloat, and Standards and Minis are susceptible to von Willebrand disease.
Fun fact: 

While today's Poodle clips may seem excessive, they did at one time serve a practical purpose. Hunters wanted the Poodle to be able to swim fast and more easily, without getting cold. To this end, they shaved the Poodle's neck, legs and tail but kept pompons of hair where they felt he needed protection: on his chest, hips and leg joints.

Grooming blurb: 
Poodles need lots of attention where grooming is concerned. Their naturally curly and dense hair doesn't shed, but it does grow out fairly quickly, and they are typically clipped every six to eight weeks. Most owners take their dogs to a professional groomer, who will know about the different clips. In between visits to a professional, the coat should be brushed regularly.
Disclaimer: 
This document has been published with the intent to provide accurate and authoritative information in regard to the subject matter within. While every reasonable precaution has been taken in preparation of this document, the author and publisher expressly disclaim responsibility for any errors, omissions, or adverse effects arising from the use or application of the information contained herein. The techniques and suggestions are used at the reader's discretion.