22 - 27 inches (56-69 cm)
85 - 130 pounds (39-59 kg)
Straight, coarse and dense, with an undercoat.
Black with rust to mahogany markings on the cheeks, muzzle, and above the eyes; legs; prosternum; and under the tail.
The Rottweiler is a sturdy, strong, dependable, self-assured and intelligent dog. He tends to be aloof with strangers and has a natural guarding instinct and an inherent desire to protect home and family. With his loved ones, he is a mellow and loving animal who can be extremely playful and even silly. He is happiest in the company of those he loves, and he needs this companionship and lots of socialization to bring out his finest qualities. He has been a service dog to sectors as diverse as the military and the infirm because of his intelligence, patience, and discretion. He is a strong, powerful guard dog, but he is also a true friend with a deep reserve of respect and love for those in his care.
Most Rottweilers love to be with their owners every minute of the day, and it's not unusual for them to be constantly underfoot. This is not a breed that does well unattended for long periods. They are territorial and will defend home and property, so training is essential. While the ideal living situation would be a home with plenty of space, lots of Rotties live comfortably in the suburbs or city - as long as their exercise and training needs are met. Yards should be fenced, and Rotties should never be left outside tied to a stake all day - this is a breed meant to live with its owners. They do not tolerate hot temperatures well and are prone to heatstroke.
The Rottie's physical and mental well-being can be satisfied by participating in sports such as cart pulling, agility, competitive obedience, tracking, rally and Schutzhund.
The Rottweiler needs plenty of exercise. A healthy adult will probably need three outings a day to satisfy his energy requirements. Taking him for long walks and on various outings will also provide him with opportunities for socialization. Exercise and interactive play will help keep the intelligent Rottie from becoming bored and turning to destructive behavior and will also increase the bond with his owner.
Rotties are enthusiastic eaters and will usually gobble whatever is fed to them; this means that it's especially important to monitor their food intake to prevent obesity. They need the highest-quality diet to ensure that they are getting adequate nutrition - especially if they are participating in any sports or service work. Feeding twice a day is preferred.
The Rottweiler must receive obedience training from puppyhood on. Not only will it help him bond to his owner and understand that his owner is in charge, but it will help him become a tractable and lovable dog. Obedience training is also the foundation for participation in organized sports, which will benefit the Rottie immensely. He is a sensitive dog and so needs a firm, fair leader who will train him with respect and rewards. Socialization is a critical part of his training as well.
Rotties are generally tolerant of children, especially in their own family, and can be tireless playmates. However, because of their large size and tendency to herd, they should be supervised around children. Rottweilers, especially the males, can be aggressive toward other dogs, which is why socialization is necessary from an early age. Properly socialized Rotties can and do get along with other pets, provided the dogs do not have an extremely high prey drive.
The average life span of the Rottweiler is 10 to 12 years. Health problems of the Rottweiler include bloat, cancer; elbow and hip dysplasia; epilepsy; hypothyroidism; osteochondrosis dissecans (OCD); panosteitis; subaortic stenosis; and von Willebrand disease.
Rottweilers are average shedders who should be brushed at least once a week using a soft bristle brush to keep the coat in shape. Folds around the face should be kept clean of dirt and debris.
This document has been published with the intent to provide accurate and authoritative information in regard to the subject matter within. While every reasonable precaution has been taken in preparation of this document, the author and publisher expressly disclaim responsibility for any errors, omissions, or adverse effects arising from the use or application of the information contained herein. The techniques and suggestions are used at the reader's discretion.