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You are here: myPetSmart.com > Breeds > Siamese


Origin: Siam (Thailand)

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Quick Look

Affectionateness: High

Compatibility With Children: High

Compatibility With Other Pets: Moderate to High

Grooming: Low

Siam (Thailand)
Short, fine and glossy, lying close to the body.
Siamese are pointed; they have a lighter body and darker ears, face, legs, feet and tail. There are four types: seal point, chocolate point, blue point and lilac point.
Special considerations: 
Physical Characteristics: elongated body; wedge-shaped head; almond-shaped blue eyes.

There are many legends that surround the origin of the Siamese. Possibly the most ancient breed of cat, they most likely came from Southeast Asia. Written records verify that Siamese cats were royal pets and temple guards as early as the 1600s in Siam, Thailand.

There are many legends to explain the occasional cross-eyed or kink-tailed Siamese, both traits that responsible breeders do their best to prevent. Siamese cats first appeared in Britain in the 1880s and were heavier bodied and "apple headed."

By the 1960s, a sleeker version of the Siamese became popular, which resulted in two different types - the show type, which is longer and more slender, and the traditional type, which is more medium sized.

Acutely intelligent, curious, and loving, some people compare the Siamese personality to that of a dog. In fact, Siamese are considered a more trainable breed because of their desire to please their owners, and they can successfully be taught to walk on a harness and leash. They are mischievous and can entertain the family with their antics. They are also legendarily vocal - the sound often compared to a baby crying - and will teach their owners what each meow indicates.
At home: 
Siamese do not tolerate isolation. They need to be part of the family and enjoy snuggling in their humans laps or being held in their arms. If you let them, they will happily share your bed at night, purring mightily with satisfaction. Their curiosity will lead them to seek out whatever you may be doing, whether it's opening the fridge or folding the laundry.
A good diet is essential to maintain the Siamese's sleek physique and glossy coat. A routine of a handful of dry food in the morning and canned food (about one quarter to one half of a 6-ounce [170-g] can) at night can work for many Siamese. Some can have a tendency to overeat and gain weight easily. Some vets recommend a daily multi-vitamin for optimum health.
Siamese do not thrive without the company of their humans. They can get along with other cats, especially if they are going to be alone during the day, but their real love is for their owners. Siamese, especially young cats, can get along well with dogs, and they bond well with children.
The typical life span of the Siamese is 15 to 20 years. They can be prone to colds, especially when young. Some Siamese are highly nervous, and some are born with kinked tails and crossed eyes, although this does not affect their health.
Fun fact: 

Siamese kittens are pure white at birth - the point color gradually develops as the kitten matures.

Grooming blurb: 
The short coat of the Siamese doesn't require much care. Too much brushing can damage the coat, so it needs to be done sparingly. Use a small rubber brush or a natural bristle brush.
Copyright by T.F.H. Publications, Inc. This document has been published with the intent to provide accurate and authoritative information in regard to the subject matter within. While every reasonable precaution has been taken in preparation of this document, the author and publisher expressly disclaim responsibility for any errors, omissions, or adverse effects arising from the use or application of the information contained herein. The techniques and suggestions are used at the reader's discretion.