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You are here: myPetSmart.com > Breeds > Standard Schnauzer

Standard Schnauzer

Origin: Germany

AKC Group: Working

Height: 17.5 inches (Male)

Weight: About 35 pounds (Male)

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Male height: 
17.5 inches
Male weight: 
About 35 pounds
Tight, hard, wiry and dense, with a softer undercoat.
Salt and pepper or solid black.

Known at one time as the Wirehaired Pinscher, the Standard Schnauzer is the oldest of the three Schnauzer breeds. The breed is definitively documented in Germany, its place of origin, as far back as the 14th century, when it was already established there as a favored hunting dog and companion. A fortuitous blend of working, hunting and terrier stock, the Schnauzer resulted from interbreeding of early roughhaired pinscher types with the gray Wolfspitz and the black German Poodle. Since its beginning, this breed has ably served in multiple roles-as rat catchers, guardians, hunters/retrievers, and even as messengers in World War I. The breed's name derives from the word Schnauze, or "muzzle" in German, a reference to the characteristic thick mustache and beard.

This spirited, loyal and intelligent companion is robust and sturdy but not overwhelmingly large. He is mischievous and delights in performing tricks for an appreciative audience. He often favors one person but readily accepts all members of his human family as part of his inner circle. He loves children and will protect his family with his own life if necessary. The Schnauzer is an even-tempered, friendly and dependable member of the family.
At home: 
The Standard Schnauzer is adaptable and can fit into almost any lifestyle or environment. If he is kept in an urban environment, he will need plenty of exercise and mental stimulation, but his extremely low-shedding coat and lack of "doggy odor" make him an excellent candidate for apartment living. He will announce visitors with a deep bark. A fenced-in yard is necessary, for he will take off after any small critters that cross his path. His double coat keeps him warm in the winter and cool in the summer, making him an all-weather dog.
Although this energetic breed requires ample exercise, young dogs should not be allowed to overexert themselves until they are finished growing. Long walks, daily romps, play off leash, and lots of dog-owner games will keep the Standard Schnauzer fit and happy.
Standard Schnauzers are enthusiastic eaters who will usually greedily consume whatever is fed to them. Because of this, it is important to monitor their food intake to prevent obesity. In their early years, they can expend a lot of energy in various family activities, and they require the highest-quality diet to ensure that they are getting the nutrition they need. Feeding twice a day is preferred.
The Standard Schnauzer has a clever, inquisitive, creative and sometimes stubbornly determined mind. A firm but gentle hand is necessary during training, and consistency is a must. Early socialization is essential.
Standard Schnauzers love children and are protective of "their" kids. Standard Schnauzers can accept cats, but small animals need to be kept securely away from them, as the breed has a strong prey drive.
The average life span of the Standard Schnauzer is 13 to 16 years. Breed health concerns may include cancer; cataracts; hip dysplasia; and thyroid problems.
Fun fact: 

The Standard Schnauzer was the base for the development of the Miniature Schnauzer and Giant Schnauzer. They are three separate breeds, not varieties of the same breed.

Grooming blurb: 
The Standard Schnauzer sheds only minimally. His coat should be brushed with a stiff bristle brush twice a week. Also, you'll need to decide if you want your Schnauzer's coat clipped or hand-stripped (plucked) to remove the dead hair from the body. Clipping is easier, especially if you use a professional groomer, but it will change the look and texture of the coat. Hand-stripping, which is required for showing, can also be done by a professional and does not change the coat.
Copyright by T.F.H. Publications, Inc. This document has been published with the intent to provide accurate and authoritative information in regard to the subject matter within. While every reasonable precaution has been taken in preparation of this document, the author and publisher expressly disclaim responsibility for any errors, omissions, or adverse effects arising from the use or application of the information contained herein. The techniques and suggestions are used at the reader's discretion.