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You are here: myPetSmart.com > Care Guides > Guinea Pig Setup Steps

Guinea Pig (Cavia procellus)

Experience Level: Beginner

Guinea Pigs

Step 1Choosing a Habitat

Housing
• Guinea Pigs are gentle, social and will enjoy the companionship of another Guinea Pig (house together only same gender pairs), as well as interaction with their Pet Parents.

• Your Guinea Pig needs a home with a solid floor, large enough for a (A) food dish, (B) water bottle, (C) hay manger and a hiding area.

• Multilevel homes are preferred since they provide additional space for exercising.

• Guinea Pigs are very active in their cages and will frequently run around when given enough room.

• Minimum cage size is 24x12x12".

Step 2Play and HIde

Hide House
(D) Houses should be easily cleaned. Edible homes give the additional benefit of encouraging normal chewing behavior.

Exercise Pen (not pictured)
• When outside of the habitat, Guinea Pigs can enjoy exercise in a pen that corners off a portion of a room. All electrical cords should be put away before your Guinea Pig is allowed outside of the habitat.

Group Play
• Guinea Pigs are very social but unneutered males and females should not be allowed to play together.

• Guinea Pigs should not be allowed to play with dogs or cats.

Chew Toys
(E) Your Guinea Pig’s teeth never stop growing, so your pet needs lots of healthy things to chew on like treat sticks and chews. Chew toys should be available at all times.

Step 3Bedding

(F) Guinea Pigs love to dig, so provide lots of clean aspen, pine or recycled paper bedding. Line the home with 4-5" of bedding.
• Cedar shavings are not recommended for small pets.

• Bedding should be spot cleaned weekly and completely changed monthly.

Traits and Behavior

Affectionate
• Although shy at first, Guinea Pigs will develop intense affection for their Pet Parents and may whistle to signal their happiness.

Vitamin C
Guinea Pigs cannot store or manufacture vitamin C, so you’ll need to add a food or water supplement daily.